Smart Classroom: Improving Collaborative Learning through Pervasive Computing Technology

Authors

  • Tahir Iqbal Ms Scholar Department of Computer Science the COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI)
  • Muhammad Ahmed Ms Scholar Department of Computer Science the COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI)

Abstract

Smart Classroom enables the facilitation of collaborative learning among college students. In this setting, students create small groups to engage in collaborative work on group tasks or to find solutions to specific challenges. Each student in an intelligent classroom is equipped with a situation-aware PDA. During group conversations, student PDAs autonomously form mobile ad hoc networks. Each PDA monitors environmental data, including light, noise, motion, and the location of other PDAs. Afterwards, this data is used to regulate contact between the teacher and students, enabling group discussions and assuring the automatic distribution of presentation materials. Middleware enables spontaneous group communication and context awareness, which are vital elements for pervasive computing. It accomplishes this by offering assistance and resources during the execution and creation of application software. We have created Reconfigurable Context-Sensitive Middleware (RCSMS) for the following purposes. This paper will not only outline the qualities of a Smart Classroom and how RCSM can be used to create one, but also demonstrate how it may greatly improve collaborative learning. A course on senior group software engineering projects will make use of the digital classroom. College students can engage in collaborative learning through the utilization of Smart Classroom technology. In such a context, students form small groups to collaborate on group assignments or devise answers to specific challenges. Each student in a smart classroom possesses a situation-aware Personal Digital Assistant (PDA). During group conversations, student Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) spontaneously form mobile ad hoc networks. Each PDA maintains a record of its surroundings, which includes the locations of other PDAs, light levels, noise levels, and movement. Subsequently, the system utilizes this data to initiate interaction between the instructor and the learners, thereby facilitating collaborative conversations and the automated dissemination of presentation materials. Middleware enables effective management of context awareness and impromptu group communication required for pervasive computing by providing runtime and development support to application software. Due to these factors, we have developed Reconfigurable Context-Sensitive Middleware, abbreviated as RCSMS. This paper will describe the characteristics of a Smart Classroom and the application of RCSM to establish one. It will also explore how the implementation of RCSM can greatly enhance collaborative learning. For instance, a course in senior group software engineering will make use of the smart classroom.

Keywords: Smart Classroom, collaborative learning, pervasive computing, situation-awareness, and Reconfigurable Context-Sensitive Middleware (RCSM).

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Tahir Iqbal, & Muhammad Ahmed. (2023). Smart Classroom: Improving Collaborative Learning through Pervasive Computing Technology. Spectrum of Engineering Sciences, 1(2), 27–34. Retrieved from http://thecjlr.online/index.php/1/article/view/9

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Articles